In all instances in the Writings where the letters “B” and “E” are mentioned, the Arabic letters are “Káf” and “Nún”, the two consonants of the Arabic word “Kun”, which is the imperative meaning “Be”.
Bahá’í Era: denotes the nineteen-month Badí‘ calendar
, which is reckoned from 21 March 1844, the year of the Báb
’s declaration of His mission.
Of or pertaining to the Báb
; used to refer to followers of the Báb.
Bábí Faith: Revelation
or Faith founded by the Báb
has been home to the annual Badash
t Academy since the summer of 1999.
A week long intensive study of Bahá’í history, Badasht Academy is a four year program for high school aged students, most of whom reside in the northeastern United States.
Known as the “Abode of Peace” or the “Home of Peace”.
Founded by the Caliph
at Manṣúr in ad
762 on the site of a Christian village on the western bank of the Tigris. It remained for 500 years the seat of the Abbasid
The Bahá’í Calendar is also known as the Badí‘
Calendar. It was established by the Báb
in the Kitáb-i-Asmá’, and subsequently approved by Bahá’u’lláh
, Who stated that it should begin in 1844, the year of the Báb’s Declaration.
The original calendar of the Báb consisted of nineteen months of nineteen days each. Bahá’u’lláh, in the Kitáb-i-Aqdas
, added the Intercalary Days (Ayyám-i-Há
) of four days (five in a leap year), thus making the Bahá’í Calendar a solar calendar.
· the Bahá'í day begins and ends at sunset.
· the Bahá’í day of rest is Istiqlál (Friday)
· Ayyám-i-Há falls between the months of Mulk and ‘Alá’, from 26 February to 1 March.
· the Bahá’í Month of Fasting
is the 19th
month, ‘Alá’ (Loftiness)
· New Year’s Day (Naw-Rúz
) falls on the Spring Equinox. The table below, ‘Months of the Year’, provides the Gregorian date according to astronomical reckoning for Naw-Rúz, based upon a letter from the Universal House of Justice 10 July 2014
. It is designated the “Day of God”
· each of the days of the month is given the name of one of the attributes of God. The names are the same as those of the nineteen months.
Days of the Week
Months of the Year
||First days when Naw-Rúz is:
Bahá’í Council, International
Elections are conducted according to Bahá’í principles to select individuals to serve as members of Local and National Spiritual Assemblies
and the Universal House of Justice
Elections for Local Spiritual Assemblies are generally held on 21 April, the first day of the Riḍván
Festival (21 April-2 May), but in certain circumstances can be held on any day during Riḍván. Elections for National Spiritual Assemblies are held annually during Riḍván. Elections for the Universal House of Justice are held every five years.
All adult members in good standing in a Bahá’í community may vote for the members of their Local Spiritual Assembly; Bahá’ís in an electoral unit elect one or more delegates who, in turn, elect the members of the National Spiritual Assembly at the national convention
. The members of the National Spiritual Assemblies elect the members of the Universal House of Justice at an international convention
“to consider without the least trace of passion and prejudice, and irrespective of any material consideration, the names of only those who can best combine the necessary qualities of unquestioned loyalty, of selfless devotion, of a well-trained mind, of recognized ability and mature experience.” (“Directives from the Guardian”, page 24.)
There are no nominations. Campaigning and electioneering are forbidden. Ballots are cast in a prayerful atmosphere, and the nine persons receiving the most votes are considered chosen by God. Members of a minority race or group are given preference when tied for the ninth position; otherwise, ballots are cast to break the tie.
A unique and significant aspect of all Bahá’í elections is the fact that voters elect with the understanding that they are free to choose whomever their consciences prompt them to select, and they freely accept the authority of the outcome.
Bahá’í International Community
An international body made up of Bahá’í institutions, local and national, continental and international, all closely interrelated, and comprising the world-wide membership of the Bahá’í Faith.
Since 1948 the Bahá’í International Community has been affiliated with the United Nations’ Office of Public Information. In 1967 the Universal House of Justice
assumed the function (shouldered for many years by the National Spiritual Assembly
of the Bahá’ís of the United States) of representing the Bahá’í International Community in its capacity as a non-governmental organization at the United Nations. In 1970 the Bahá’í International Community was granted consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), and in 1976 it became affiliated with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF, formerly named the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund). It is also affiliated with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
In its work with the United Nations, the Bahá’í International Community participates in meetings of United Nations bodies concerned with such issues as human rights, social development, the status of women, the environment, human settlement, food, science and technology, population, the law of the sea, crime prevention, substance abuse, youth, children, the family, disarmament, and the United Nations University.
Bahá’í International Convention
Bahá’í World Commonwealth
The future Bahá’í community of nations, Shoghi Effendi
explains, that will operate “solely in direct conformity with the laws and principles of Bahá’u’lláh
” and will be animated wholly by His spirit.
Its “supreme organ” will be the Universal House of Justice
functioning in “the plenitude of its power”. Its advent will “signalize the long-awaited advent of the Christ-promised Kingdom of God on earth.” It will serve as both “the instrument and the guardian of the Most Great Peace
.” Within the Bahá’í World Commonwealth “all nations, races, creeds and classes” will be “closely and permanently united,” and “the autonomy of its state members and the personal freedom and initiative of the individuals that compose them” will be “definitely and completely safeguarded. This commonwealth must, as far as we can visualize it, consist of a world legislature, whose members will, as the trustees of the whole of mankind, ultimately control the entire resources of all the component nations, and will enact such laws as shall be required to regulate the life, satisfy the needs and adjust the relationships of all races and peoples. A world executive, backed by an international Force, will carry out the decisions arrived at, and apply the laws enacted by, this world legislature, and will safeguard the organic unity of the whole commonwealth. A world tribunal will adjudicate and deliver its compulsory and final verdict in all and any disputes that may arise between the various elements constituting this universal system. … A world metropolis will act as the nerve centre …, the focus towards which the unifying forces of life will converge and from which its energizing influences will radiate.”
The world commonwealth will include a system of international communication; an international auxiliary language; a world script and literature; a uniform and universal system of currency, weights, and measures; and an integrated economic system with co-ordinated markets and regulated channels of distribution.
A-Z : World(s)(’s)
12 November 1817 — 29 May 1892
Arabic for the “Glory of God”. Title of Mírzá
Ḥusayn-‘Alí Nuri, Founder of the Bahá’í Faith. For accounts of His life, see Shoghi Effendi
, God Passes By
, The Dawn-Breakers
; and Balyuzi, Bahá’u’lláh: The King of Glory
Bahá’u’lláh is referred to by a variety of titles, including the Promised One of All Ages, the Blessed Beauty, the Blessed Perfection, the Morn of Truth, the Abha Luminary, the Dayspring of the Most Divine Essence, the Ancient Beauty, the Ancient Root, the Ancient of Days, the Author of the Bahá’í Revelation, the Mystic Dove, the Sovereign Revealer, the Judge, the Redeemer, the Divine Physician, the Prince of Peace, the Pen of Glory, the Pen of the Most High, the Supreme Pen, the Lord of Hosts, and the Lord of the Age.
His birth (see note under Holy Day
) and his ascension (May 29, 1892) are celebrated, and are Holy Day
s on which work is suspended.
1846 —15 July 1932
Image copyright ©
The Greatest Holy Leaf; the Most Exalted Leaf, saintly daughter of Bahá’u’lláh
and outstanding heroine of the Bahá’í Dispensation
. Her death in 1932 marked the final end of the Heroic Age
of the Bahá’í Faith, which had drawn to a close with the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
A monument erected in her memory symbolizes the Bahá’í World Order
; its location is Mount Carmel
, within the Arc
and in close proximity to the resting-places of her brother, Mírzá Mihdí
; her mother, Ásíyih Khánum
; and the wife of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Munírih Khánum
Her station as “foremost woman of the Bahá’í Dispensation” and her rank among women are paralleled only by such heroines of previous Dispensations as Sarah, Ásíyih, the Virgin Mary; Fáṭimih
, and Ṭáhirih
For a compilation of Bahá’í Writings about Bahiyyih Khanum and for some of her own letters, see Bahiyyih Khanum: The Greatest Holy Leaf (1982).
The Ethiopian slave who was one of the very early converts to Islám
gave him the task of calling the Faithful to prayer, and he became the first Mu’adhdhin
of Islám. As he stammered and mispronounced the Arabic letter ‘Shín
’ as ‘Sín
’, he could not give the call correctly, but the perfection of his heart atoned for the fault of his tongue.
“The Baloch or Balúch
are a people who live mainly in the Balochistan region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau in Pákistán, Írán, and Afgh
ánistán, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula.” (Courtesy of Wikipedia)
Literally “Sons of Hásh
im” (great grandfather of Muḥammad
): clan of Quraysh from which Muḥammad was descended.
A reference to Mecca
; Baṭḥá is the central quarter and lowest part of Mecca, which lies in the immediate vicinity of the Ka‘bih
’s most sacred Shrine
October 10, 1848 to May 10, 1849
Fought at the Shrine
Ṭabarsí, near Bárfurúsh
On the arrival of Mullá Ḥusayn
and the company of Bábí
Ḥusayn instructed them to build a fort around the Shrine. Even while building they were subjected to constant attacks. Throughout the seige, the Bábis, led by Mullá Ḥusayn, repulsed every attack. Mullá Ḥusayn himself was killed by a bullet during the afternoon of 2 February 1849.
The seige was ended by treachery, with Prince Mihdí Qulí Mírzá promising by oath written in his Qur’án
that they would not be harmed and would be safe to return to their homes. The defenders lay down their arms, and assembled in a tent which the Prince had had erected for them. The next day, in the afternoon, while Quddús
was summoned to the Princes’ headquarters, the companions were surrounded and killed.
“Exposition, explanation, lucidity, eloquence, utterance”: the title given by the Báb
to two of His major works, one in Persian, the other in Arabic. It is also used sometimes to denote the entire body of His Writings.
The Persian Bayán is the major doctrinal work and principal repository of the laws ordained by the Báb. The Arabic Bayán is parallel in content but smaller and less weighty.
The Bayán is described by Shoghi Effendi
, in God Passes By
, pages 24-25, as a
“monumental repository of the laws and precepts of the new Dispensation
and the treasury enshrining most of the Báb’s references and tributes to, as well as His warning regarding, ‘Him Whom God will make manifest’…. this Book, of about eight thousand verses, occupying a pivotal position in Bábí
literature, should be regarded primarily as a eulogy of the Promised One
rather than a code of laws and ordinances designed to be a permanent guide to future generations.”
Honorary title; lower title than Khán
Literally “Sea of Lights”, a compilation of Shí‘íh
A small rock situated low in the eastern corner of the Kaaba
A translation of Jamál-i-Mubarak, a title of Bahá’u’lláh
A translation of Jamál-i-Mubarak, a title of Bahá’u’lláh
A translation of Kitáb-i-‘Ahd (sometimes referred to as Kitáb-i-‘Ahdí, meaning “the Book of My Covenant
’s last will and testament, designated by Him as His “Most Great Tablet” and alluded to by Him as the “Crimson Book”.
The last Tablet
revealed before His ascension, it was written in His own hand and entrusted, shortly before His passing, to His eldest son, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá
. In it Bahá’u’lláh clearly designates ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as His successor and as the Centre of His Covenant
, providing for the continuation of divine authority over the affairs of the Faith in the future.
, in God Passes By
, Chapter XIV, discusses and explains the significance of this document, and the role and position of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá within that Covenant.