The Umana (“Trustees”) Company was formed in Írán to be the registered owner of all Bahá’í properties, both local and national.
Within a few months after the Islamic Republic was established in March 1979, agents of the revolutionary government, acting on the authority of an order from the Office of the Public Prosecutor of the Islamic Republic, seized its assets, properties, and furnishings and dismissed its employees.
Among the properties the Umana Company held were holy places, including the House of the Báb
, houses of Bahá’u’lláh
in Ṭihrán and Tákúr, a temple site, the national Bahá’í headquarters, Bahá’í cemeteries, and a Bahá’í-operated hospital in Ṭihrán.